Macroecomomic Statistics
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Macroecomomic Statistics

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Ringkasan:

Four blocks of macroeconomics:

  • Real sector
  • Fiscal sector
  • Monetary sector
  • External sector

Real Sector

NATIONAL Accounts (Gross Domestic Product/GDP) 3 measurement methods:

  • Expenditures (demand side)
  • Economic Sectors (supply side)
  • Incomes (not released)

GDP’s measured by current price (economic structure) and by constant price (economic growth)

BPS (Indo stat. Agency) releases quarterly data

Fiscal Sector

Government Budget consists of:

  • Revenues
    • Tax
    • Non Tax
  • Expenditures
    • Central Government
    • Transfer to Local Government
  • Financing
    • Domestic
    • External

Ministry of Finance releases annual data

Monetary Sector

Monetary Sectors consists of:

  • Central Bank
    • M0 : base money (coin & paper money + cash in vault)
  • Banking
    • M1 : narrow money (M0+giro)
    • M2 : broad money (M1+quasi money(time & saving deposits))
  • Broad Money Table consists of:
    • Autonomous factors (components) M2, M1
    • Accomodating factors (affecting factors ) NFA, NDA (loans)

Central Bank releases monthly data

External Sector

Balance of Payments:

  • A statistic recording economic transactions between residents in an economy (country) and non-residents (Rest Of the World/ROW).
  • Non-resindent: those who stay in a country more than one year (length of stay) and centre of economic interest outside a country

Four Blocks interlinkages

In case Export & Import :

  • External sectors – trade balance in current accounts
  • Real sectors – trade balance in GDP by expenditures
  • Fiscal sectors – revenues in government budget
  • Monetary sectors – Net Foreign Assets (NFA)

In case External Loans:

  • External sectors – other investments in financial accounts
  • Real sectors – investment (GFCF) in GDP by expenditures
  • Fiscal sectors – external financing in government budget
  • Monetary sectors – Net Foreign Assets (NFA)

Macrocontrol

Keynesian identity function of national incomes:

Y = C (p+g) + I (p+g) + X – M

Y : national incomes

C: consumption (private & government)

I : investment (private & government)

X : export goods & services

M: import goods & services

 

Sources:

Real Sector

https://www.bi.go.id/id/statistik/seki/terkini/riil/Contents/Default.aspx

Fiscal Sector https://www.bi.go.id/id/statistik/seki/terkini/keuangan-pemerintah/Contents/Default.aspx

Monetary Sector https://www.bi.go.id/id/statistik/seki/terkini/moneter/Contents/Default.aspx

External Sector https://www.bi.go.id/id/statistik/seki/terkini/eksternal/Contents/Default.aspx

IMF https://www.imf.org/en/Capacity-Development/Training/ICDTC/Courses/FPP

 

 

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Macroeconomic Statistic

Macroeconomic Statistic

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